did you know
- 45% of the population in Nicaragua lies below the poverty line.
CIA World Factbook
- In Nicaragua, approximately 35% of the children under 5 years of age are malnourished.
World Bank Poverty Assesment 2003
- Over 50% of the population in Nicaragua uses lena (firewood cut from trees) as a cooking fuel source.
- Just over 15% of the entire population in Nicaragua did not have access to any form of a toilet.
- Just under 50% of the population in Nicaragua burns, buries or dumps all of their trash (including organic) in the street or next to a body of water.
- The inefficient burning of wood for cooking fuel results in a higher amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere than if a more efficient, non-solid fuel such as biogas (methane) was used.
- Numerous health complications, especially for women and children, are the direct result of exposure to increased small particle levels in the air resulting from burning wood indoors to cook meals.
- Average small particle levels in houses which have an indoor firewood stove can range from 300 to 3000 micrograms per cubic meter with peaks as high as 10,000 micrograms per cubic meter. To put these levels into perspective, the United States EPA has set an outdoor average safety limit of 50 micrograms per cubic meter.
- The most pressing environmental issues facing Nicaragua today are deforestation, pollution, and improper trash disposal — issues which can be directly addressed with biodigesters.
- Rising international oil prices can especially affect places like Nicaragua where the people who rely on burning liquified petroleum gases (LPGs) for cooking fuel, resort back to using lena (firewood) when they can no longer afford to purchase the fuel.
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